CBG vs. CBD
Scientists are learning more about the effects of CBG on the body. You may be wondering, "What is best for me? What is the difference between these two substances?"
Below we break down the differences between CBD and CBG and their health benefits and discuss which one is best for you.
What is CBG?Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is derived from the cannabis plant, usually from varieties known as hemp plants. CBD comes in several forms: isolated, full-spectrum, and broad-spectrum. Manufacturers can isolate hemp-derived CBD to purify it and remove all other compounds. This type of CBD is neither intoxicating nor addictive.
Broad-spectrum CBD includes many other compounds in cannabis, but not THC. In contrast, full-spectrum CBD includes trace amounts (less than 0.3%) of THC along with other cannabinoid compounds that can work in synergy to create positive effects for the health of the body.
People often use this substance for pain or anxiety and depression. You can even buy CBD for your pets!
Scientists first isolated CBD from hemp in the late 1930s; however, they did little additional research on this topic until the 1960s and 1970s. Today, studies of CBD are increasing around the world and scientific and medical research is discovering its benefits.
This natural substance cannot get you high. Instead, CBD affects the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS) by working with the CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Many health benefits include:
- Tratar la epilepsia en niños
- Ayuda a disminuir la ansiedad y la depresión
- Reducir la inflamación.
Research also shows that it helps with the muscular, immune, and neurological systems, to name a few.
While people often go for THC or CBD alone, research suggests that taking them in conjunction with other cannabinoids (such as full-spectrum products) may be more beneficial. The combination of THC, CBD, and other compounds creates a more therapeutic reaction than taking them alone. Researchers call this the entourage effect.
CBD oil's rise to fame is due to its remarkable health benefits, especially with wellness and skincare products. As of 2018, cannabidiol (CBD) is no longer a Schedule 1 substance under federal classification, making it legal in all 50 states. The demand for CBD oil is continually increasing in various markets, such as skin and hair care, therapies, and makeup. You can also buy CBD oil at drug stores or hemp stores throughout the United States. Note that while it is legal as a topical compound, ingestible CBD is not legal in all states.
The hemp plant is also making leaps and bounds in the country's food markets, with products like milk, granola bars, baked goods and more that contain hemp. You will likely find hemp products in relatively common places in your area; for example, you can probably find hemp products at your local grocery store.
What is CBG?
Both CBD and CBG (cannabigerol) are cannabinoids that are derived from cannabis plants. However, what sets CBG apart? Let's analyze it.
CBG is the main compound of all other cannabinoids. When the cannabis plant matures, enzymes break down the acidic form of CBG. This process leaves behind CBG-A, which is then converted into the following four substances:
The hemp plant then begins its decarboxylation process, which reduces the carboxylic acids in these substances. The compounds that remain are the substances we know today: CBG, CBD, CBC, and THC.
Once CBG-A is converted to these substances, very little CBG remains in the hemp plant. Because there is less CBG after this process, there is no abundance to investigate the substance.
These are some of the properties of CBG:
- Hemp drift
- Binds to the body's cannabinoid receptors / endocannabinoid system
- It is a non-psychoactive substance.
- Easily converts to other substances
- It exists only in the early stages of the hemp growth cycle
CBG is gaining momentum in research due to evidence that it has similar health benefits to CBD. If that's the case, why isn't it as popular as CBD?
Why is hard to produce CBG?
The biggest obstacle to CBG production is cost. It is more expensive to produce than its CBD counterpart, so CBD products are cheaper and easier to access. However, why is CBG more expensive?
Creating isolated amounts of CBG takes a lot of work. To extract the CBG isolate, it takes thousands of pounds of hemp to make even small packages of CBG. This work is very tedious due to the minute amounts of CBG that the decarboxylation process produces.
For example, current crops contain approximately 20% CBD. Suppose the same culture contains 1% CBG. It will take 20 crops containing 1% CBG to produce the same amount of CBD that one crop produces. You must go through the same process 20 times to get the same amount of CBG. This disparity between CBD and CBG is the reason why CBD sees more research and production.
The maturity of the hemp plant poses another problem. The more a hemp plant reaches full maturity, the lower the chances that CBG or CBG-A will convert to other forms of cannabinoids. Therefore, hemp growers have two options. They can harvest the hemp before it becomes too mature (with the intention of producing just CBG) or grow the hemp to full maturity to produce CBD.
When producing CBG, a detailed extraction process increases costs. Special equipment, called chromatography machines, isolates CBG from hemp plants.
The use of this equipment is necessary for the production of CBG, as it is responsible for isolating and purifying the substance for consumers.
This technique explicitly focuses on raw hemp or cannabis, which can be complicated and expensive in and of itself due to the precision this process requires. Wasting raw hemp or cannabis can waste time, money, and resources that are hard to come by for this process.
Chromatography machines are already expensive, as manufacturers often prepay for high-performance equipment. Also, adapting these non-standard tools for most farmers can be costly.
Since production costs and time are limiting factors, scientists struggle to collect large amounts of CBG. Therefore, doing the proper research and verifying the efficacy of the use of CBG in the United States is quite difficult. Unlike the abundance of CBD, which undergoes a lot of research, CBG doesn't have as many in-depth studies to back up the biological findings and health benefits.
Preliminary research shows improved health and wellness through the use of CBG. However, farmers and manufacturers currently do not produce enough CBG for domestic consumption. This lack of supply is due to the exorbitant amount of time and money required to extract this substance.
What are the health benefits?
Now that we understand the differences between CBD and CBG, let's take a look at some of the key benefits of these substances. Recent scientific research provides evidence showing many health and wellness benefits that both CBD and CBG offer.
Even with minimal research, CBG is definitely getting attention and showing evidence of health benefits. A significant advantage that CBG presents over CBD is the interaction of cannabinoid receptors in the brain. CBD shows low reactivity to these receptors and instead works indirectly with the endocannabinoid system. However, CBG works directly with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain.
CBG is also a great way to reduce psychoactive responses to THC, such as paranoia and hallucinations. Those who prefer a combination of these substances may receive more benefits than taking CBG and THC separately.
Similar to CBD, CBG also exhibits therapeutic qualities. Although research is limited for CBG, the evidence supports many health and wellness benefits, such as:
- Kill antibiotic resistant bacteria - for example, CBG can fight MRSA
- Treatment of eye problems: the properties of CBG contain neuroprotective and vasodilatory effects.
- Reduce inflammatory responses: Through neurological effects, CBG may reduce inflammation, as seen in animal research on IBS (inflammatory bowel disease)
- Treatment of neurological problems: Neuroprotective properties can positively affect people with neurological conditions by decreasing inflammation and calming the nervous system.
- Other effects include stimulating appetite and fighting cancer and tumor growth. Many of these benefits can be attributed to CBG's ability to reduce inflammation, which is a critical factor in the body's responses to pain and neurological problems. Stay tuned for more research on CBG and how it can potentially help you.
CBDWhile CBG reacts more to CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain, CBD still responds quite well to them. Both receptors are part of the body's peripheral nervous system (PNS). This system interacts with many parts of our body, such as the skin, muscles, limbs, and the immune system. Therefore, CBD can significantly affect many different organ systems.
The most common reason people turn to CBD is for pain management and reduction. This consumer reaction is a big step into the world of holistic approaches to treating ailments, which will eventually increase the demand for CBD products. For many, these products are an excellent alternative to prescription drugs, which people can become addicted to.
CBD can help in many different areas, such as:
- Pain: By interacting with endocannabinoid receptors, CBD can limit inflammation due to decreased activity of neurotransmitters.
- Depression and Anxiety: CBD represents a natural way to reduce anxiety and depression by suppressing these neurotransmitter activities and offering antidepressant effects.
- Neurological problems: CBD helps by interacting with endocannabinoid receptors to reduce pain and inflammation, which are common in neurological disorders such as MS, fibromyalgia, etc.
- Acne: Using CBD oil or cream is beneficial for its anti-inflammatory properties, which help reduce acne.
- Heart Health: CBD can lower blood pressure by reducing anxiety and is associated with antioxidants that reduce stress.
- Cancer: CBD can help reduce cancer side effects commonly experienced by those undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, such as vomiting, nausea, and pain.
- Other helpful benefits include reducing psychotic effects by reducing symptoms in patients, as in schizophrenia. CBD is also useful for treating diabetes and substance abuse.
While these products do not cure ailments, diseases, or cancers, the evidence supports that CBD and CBG can alleviate the symptoms associated with these problems. You can discuss with your doctor how CBD or CBG can benefit you and your health.
Both CBD and CBG are available in a variety of products. Across the country, groceries, oils, foods, gummies, and even pet products are flying off the shelves. They also come in different spectra and contain different levels of CBD or CBG, depending on the products you buy.
Be on the lookout for price changes in CBD. Most of the time, you can expect the same price trends between the two products in the hemp market.
Is CBD better than CBG?
Both CBD and CBG have tremendous qualities that can improve physical and mental health, so you may be wondering, "Which is better?"
Sometimes research suggests that one product is better than the other, but research is missing an essential element: you! Deciding which substances are the best depends on the person who uses them. What reacts well to your body? What substances interact well with each other or have minimal effects?
These natural substances will interact differently depending on your:
- Genetic heritage
- Mental health
- Physical characteristics
Keep this in mind when you find the best solution for you. Remember, using CBD and CBG together can sometimes provide even more benefits.
Because CBG's research is limited and you may not be able to find a company that sells it in your area, CBD might be your best option when it comes to accessibility. However, keep an open mind and you will eventually find the right solution.
Remember to find what works well for your body. You may never really know what is best until you try several different options. Both CBD and CBG products offer numerous benefits, so you will still experience favorable health effects regardless of your decision. If you're still not sure what would be best for you, talk to a trusted doctor about your options.